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ORA-14551: cannot perform a DML operation inside a query tips

Oracle Error Tips by Stephanie F.


The Oracle docs note this on the ora-14551 error:

ORA-14551 cannot perform a DML operation inside a query
Cause: DML operation like insert, update, delete or select-for-update cannot be performed inside a query or under a PDML slave.
Action: Ensure that the offending DML operation is not performed or use an autonomous transaction to perform the DML operation within the query or PDML slave.

Internet sources offer information regarding ORA-14551.  Here are the details of the error:

You get ORA-14551 when selecting a PL/SQL or Java Stored Procedure from dual.
Myfunction looks like this

create or replace function myFunction return varchar2 as
update emp set empno = empno +1 where empno = 0;
return 'Yeah';

SQL> insert into emp (empno, ename) values (0, 'TEST');
1 row created.
SQL> var myVar VARCHAR2
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-14551: cannot perform a DML operation inside a query
ORA-06512: at "SCOTT.MYFUNCTION", line 3
ORA-06512: at line 1

The solution concerns using different syntax, such as below:

You need to use the syntax:
SQL> var myVar VARCHAR2
SQL> call myFunction() INTO :myVar;
Call completed.

-- Paranthesis are must in the above call.

The reason for ORA-14551 has to do with restrictions of doing DMLs from in a select statement, "The function myFunction has within its code some form of
DML, (INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE). Functions may only do selects and still be callable from DUAL or used in any form of select."

Also important to note:

The error ORA-14551 is new in 8i databases and may have resulted in
ORA-6571 in prior versions.



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