Oracle ORA-01017 tips
Oracle Database Tips by Donald Burleson
I get the following ORA-01017 error
when attempting to connect using a database link:
ORA-01017: invalid username/password; logon denied
How do I
resolve the ORA-01017 error?
The docs note that the ORA-01017 can have a variety of
causes most relating to permissions (grant), tnsnames.ora,
sqlnet.ora configuration, or improper connect string syntax.
In Oracle 12c, see bug
16385258 for the ORA-01017 error on multi-tenant databases.
oerr search yields the following information. Also, see my notes on
diagnosing Oracle network connection issues:
ORA-01017: invalid username/password; logon
Cause: An invalid username or password was entered in an attempt to log on
to Oracle. The username and password must be the same as was specified in a
GRANT CONNECT statement. If the username and password are entered together,
the format is: username/password.
Action: Enter a valid username and password combination in the correct
Checklist for ORA-01017 errors:
The core issue with an ORA-01017 error is an invalid user ID and passwords
combination, but other than an incorrect password, there are user ID issues
that may contribute to the ORA-01017 error:
It may be that the user ID
is invalid for the target system - The user ID exists as the
username column in the dba_users view.
select username from dba_users;
Check your $ORACLE_SID environmental parameter.
If your $ORACLE_SID is set to the wrong system ID then you may get a
ORA-01017 error because you are connecting to the wrong database.
OS user authentication (ops$ or
you need to verify that the user ID is valid. You can tell if you are
using external authentication because you connect without providing a
user/password combination, and only provide a forward slash to the connect
string, (e.g. connect / as sysdba;).
to ensure that
service name points to the correct server and instance name. If you
specify an incorrect tnsnames.ora
service name, then the user ID
and password may not exist in that database.
Your oracle dba pages offer plenty of useful
informations for us, so first:
Thank you for this service.
digging for a solution for one of our daily problems, I got to the pages for
Now I want to propose a little addition to it:
Since Oracle 11 (or was it even 10?), user names and passwords are case
sensitive. If you don't respect that in scripts or other sql statements,
this can also lead to ORA-01017, simply because there is a mismatch in case
for a user "demo" or "DEMO". And depending on tools (sql developer or
others), things might still work, or not.
So you could add a little
note about that new "feature" in the causes of ORA-01017, because these
cases are even harder to resolve than the others. If a user doesn't exist at
all or you try to connect to the wrong db, you might find out quickly. But
if the user exists, just not in the right case, but scripts don't work
anymore, you might end head-banging in frustration.
I wanted to let you know about another
instance where I got an ORA-01017 error and banged my head against the wall
for a little bit before figuring it out.
A vendor product had
shipped with ojdbc14.jar. The product needed to run a small java main
against the DB to set up some tables. I was using a 1.6 JRE.
error I got was an ORA-01017.
Only after I replaced the jar with
ojdbc6.jar and fix the vendor wrapper script to reference this new jar did
Odd getting an "invalid password" because of an
incompatible java version, but thought it might help someone.
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