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ORA-00907: missing right parenthesis tips

Oracle Error Tips by Burleson Consulting

 

Oracle docs note this about ORA-00907:

 

ORA-00907 missing right parenthesis

Cause: A left parenthesis has been entered without a closing right parenthesis, or extra information was contained in the parentheses. All parentheses must be entered in pairs.

Action: Correct the syntax and retry the statement.

Oracle offers information regarding ORA-00907 in conjunction with FULL/LEFT OUTER joins in association with Bug 4433936.  This bug causing an ORA-00907 has been fixed in 10.2.0.3 and future versions of 11g, it can still be seen in 9.2.0.5, 9.2.0.7, 9.2.0.8, 10.1.0.5, and 10.2.0.2 in most generic platforms. 

The symptoms of ORA-00907 and Bug 4433936 are simple syntax errors which happen within parsing queries associated with FULL/LEFT OUTER joins.  You can work around ORA-00907 by trying Oracle join operators to rewrite queries, as opposed to ANSI joins. 

If you are using single quotes in phrases that are surrounded by other single quotes, you have to add another single quote by the inner single quotes to avoid ORA-00907.  For example, you have to use '___''___''___' instead of  '___'___'___' in order for ORA-00907 to not be thrown over syntax. 

Here is an example of a date value with single quotes, and the format string surrounded by double quotes:

SCOTT@10gXE> CREATE TABLE names
  2    (forenames  VARCHAR2 (15),
  3  	dob	   DATE)
  4  /

Table created.

SCOTT@10gXE> INSERT INTO names
  2  VALUES ('John', TO_DATE ('01/01/1961', 'dd/mm/yyyy'))
  3  /

1 row created.

SCOTT@10gXE> BEGIN
  2    CTX_DDL.CREATE_INDEX_SET ('names_iset');
  3    CTX_DDL.ADD_INDEX ('names_iset', 'dob');
  4  END;
  5  /

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SCOTT@10gXE> CREATE INDEX names_idx
  2  ON names (forenames)
  3  INDEXTYPE IS CTXSYS.CTXCAT
  4  PARAMETERS ('INDEX SET names_iset')
  5  /

Index created.

SCOTT@10gXE> -- reproduction of error:
SCOTT@10gXE> SELECT COUNT (FORENAMES)
  2  FROM   NAMES
  3  WHERE  CATSEARCH
  4  	      (FORENAMES,
  5  	       'JOHN',
  6  	       'DOB BETWEEN TO_DATE ('01/01/1960','dd/mm/yyyy')
  7  		    AND TO_DATE ('01/01/1962','dd/mm/yyyy')') > 0
  8  /
          'DOB BETWEEN TO_DATE ('01/01/1960','dd/mm/yyyy')
                                 *
ERROR at line 6:
ORA-00907: missing right parenthesis


SCOTT@10gXE> -- correction:
SCOTT@10gXE> SELECT COUNT(FORENAMES)
  2  FROM   NAMES
  3  WHERE  CATSEARCH
  4  	      (FORENAMES,
  5  	       'JOHN',
  6  	       'DOB BETWEEN TO_DATE 
		   (''01/01/1960'',''dd/mm/yyyy'')
  7  		    AND TO_DATE 
			(''01/01/1962'',''dd/mm/yyyy'')') > 0
  8  /

COUNT(FORENAMES)
----------------
               1

SCOTT@10gXE> 

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