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SQL*Plus history command

Oracle Tips by Donald BurlesonApril 4, 2017

Question: What does the Oracle 12c release 2 "history" command do in sqlplus?

Answer:  The sqlplus history command is used to show the history of sqlplus SQL and SQL*Plus commands.  Historically, you could use the up and down arrow keys to display and edit previous commands.  There are several options to the history command:

SQL> set history on

SQL> show history

SQL> show history
history is ON and set to “100”

SQL> history

SQL> history 4 run

SQL history 4 edit

SQL> clear history

Examples of the sqlplus history command

Here we have enabled the history and it’s set to 100 statements. The history will show all previous 100 commands:

SQL> history
  1  select * from dual;
  2  select sysdate from dual;
  3  show history

To execute a statement from history you reference it by statement number.

SQL> history 2 run


To edit a statement you use the edit sub-command:

SQL> history 2 edit 


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