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 sqlplus: error while loading shared libraries tips

Oracle Database Tips by Donald BurlesonApril 26, 2015

Question:  I tried to install Oracle but DBCA aborted.  I then tried to open SQL*plus it showing this error:

sqlplus: error while loading shared libraries: libclntsh.so.11.1: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

How do I fix this sqlplus: error while loading shared libraries error?
 
Answer: Your problem was that you did not carefully following the pre-install checklist. The installer will very rarely fail, if you follow the directions. Start by reviewing the installer logs and see why it aborted.  

1 - See MOSC  Note 1073332.1 titled "*/usr/bin/ld: Cannot Find -lxml11, Genclntsh: Failed To Link libclntsh.so.11.1" 

2 - Modify your .bash profile to include the CLASSPATH variable

3 -  Set your LD_LIBRARY_PATH environmental variable to include $ORACLE_HOME/lib and PATH should include $ORACLE_HOME/bin: 

export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib  

export PATH = $PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/bin

4 - The "sqlplus: error while loading shared libraries" error can happen because DBCA failed during the link phase and a re-link will remedy this error:

oracle> $ORACLE_HOME/bin/relink all

If the above steps do not solve the problem, you may be better off to start-over and re-install the Oracle software.  This time, DO NOT ignore errors and carefully follow the pre-installation checklist.

   
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