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Oracle spfile  

Oracle Tips by Burleson Consulting

 


About Oracle spfile 

The Oracle spfile is a binary representation of the text0based init.ora file. By default, a new Oracle9i database will be working on a pfile, so the spfile must be created from the pfile at the SQL prompt.

The spfile is created using the CREATE SPFILE statement; this requires connecting as SYSDBA.

Connect system/manager as sysdba;

CREATE SPFILE FROM PFILE;


This command creates an spfile in a non-default location ($ORACLE_HOME/database). However, you can fully-qualigfy the path name is the “create spfile” statement:

CREATE SPFILE='/u01/admin/prod/pfile/file_mydb.ora'

FROM


PFILE=/u01/admin/prod/pfile/initprod.ora';

Warning - After an spfile is created, when you bounce the database you may encounter an error. To get around this, you have to reconnect as SYSDBA and use the STARTUP command.

The addition of the spfile has changed the search path for the Oracle startup deck. Oracle9i now uses the following path:

Search for the spfile$ORACLE_SID.ora file in the default location,

Look for the spfile.ora; and

Search for the pfile by name init$ORACLE_SID.ora.

Specifying SCOPE in parameters

Once you have an spfile, you can change any initialization parameter with the “alter system” command. However, there is an important SCOPE parameter that you need to understand.

The SCOPE parameter has three values MEMORY, SPFILE and BOTH. Let’s look at an example of each:

Alter system set db_2k_cache_size=100m SCOPE=SPFILE;

If you want to make a change to a parameter in the spfile without affecting the current instance, you can do so using the SCOPE=SPFILE option of the ALTER SYSTEM statement. This is useful when you want to make a change starting from the next startup and not for the current instance.

Alter system set db_2k_cache_size=100m SCOPE=MEMORY;

In Oracle9i the database may be using an spfile. An spfile is a file that Oracle can both read from and write to during operation, allowing dynamic reconfiguration of many parameters, which is persistent across shutdowns and startups. A normal pfile can be generated using the command:

CREATE PFILE[=<location>] FROM SPFILE[=<location>];

If the files are in the default location ($ORACLE_HOME/dbs) then the optional ='location' full path specifications for the file locations aren't required. The inversion of the command is also allowed to generate an spfile from a normal pfile:
 


 

 

  
 
  
 
 
 

 
 
 

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