||Oracle Database Tips by Donald Burleson
Oracle environment is being virtualized
Currently, DBAs spend an inordinate amount of time worrying about
disk I/O, backups, and other topics that with the advent of a
diskless Oracle environment will simply cease to exist. As more of
the Oracle environment is virtualized, the monitoring has to change
to more CPU cycle monitoring and effective use of CPU resources.
This trend can already be identified with the larger footprint being
taken by such topics as CPU costing. Soon, query cost will be
counted not in terms of I/O to a disk but in CPU ticks and memory
What will be eliminated?
Monitoring the cache: It will be automatically sized and tuned
for the current working set only.
Monitoring I/O speeds: Transfers will be at near memory speeds.
Monitoring for contention: With no moving parts and hence greatly
reduced latency, the SSD technology increases bandwidth by several
orders of magnitude.
Monitoring redo logs: They will simply be memory areas to be
sized according to retention needs only.
Monitoring undo segments: These will also become memory
Monitoring backups: The SSD technology backs itself up. Offline
backups of the backing store will not affect database performance.
The DBA's job as it is known today will undergo a profound change
with more focus on tuning and optimization than worrying with
physical hardware and backups.
But What About Now?
All of this information on improvements in the future is great, but
what about now? What about the DBA that gets a RamSAN system? Does
his job have to change? No. All monitoring that is done now can be
done against the RamSAN system. The SSD is treated identically to a
standard disk drive.
This means all of the DBA's scripts will still function as they
always have. Monitoring tools will still act the same, but of
course, they will report much better performance. Changing memory
sizes should be done in a controlled fashion by reducing cache
memory and testing performance until peak performance is reached.
Preliminary testing shows the need to establish a working set size
System Global Area (SGA) database cache which will vary from
database to database.
The above book excerpt is from:
& Grid Tuning with Solid State Disk
Expert Secrets for High Performance Clustered Grid Computing
Mike Ault, Donald K. Burleson
Market Survey of SSD vendors for
There are many vendors who offer rack-mount solid-state disk that
work with Oracle databases, and the competitive market ensures that
product offerings will continuously improve while prices fall.
SearchStorage notes that SSD is will soon replace platter disks and that
hundreds of SSD vendors may enter the market:
"The number of vendors in this category could rise to several
hundred in the next 3 years as enterprise users become more familiar
with the benefits of this type of storage."
As of January 2015, many of the major hardware vendors (including Sun and
EMC) are replacing slow disks with RAM-based disks, and
Sun announced that all
of their large servers will offer SSD.
Here are the major SSD vendors for Oracle databases
(vendors are listed alphabetically):
2008 rack mount SSD Performance Statistics
SearchStorage has done a comprehensive survey of rack mount SSD
vendors, and lists these SSD rack mount vendors, with this showing the
fastest rack-mount SSD devices:
||performance metrics and notes
sustained external throughput, 400,000 random IOPS
1,00MB/s write with ×4 PCIe, 3 microseconds latency
Solid Access Technologies
sustained read or write per port (full duplex is 719MB/s), with
8 x 4Gbps FC ports aggregated throughput is approx 2,000MB/s,
R/W transfer rate, 35,000 IOPS
Choosing the right SSD for Oracle
When evaluating SSD for Oracle databases you need
to consider performance (throughput and response time), reliability (Mean Time Between failures) and
TCO (total cost of ownership). Most SSD vendors will provide a
test RAM disk array for benchmark testing so that you can choose the
vendor who offers the best price/performance ratio.
Burleson Consulting does not partner with any SSD vendors and we
provide independent advice in this constantly-changing market. BC
was one of the earliest adopters of SSD for Oracle and we have been
deploying SSD on Oracle database since 2005 and we have experienced SSD
experts to help any Oracle shop evaluate whether SSD
is right for your application. BC experts can also help you choose
the SSD that is best for your database. Just
call 800-766-1884 or e-mail.:
SSD support details.
vs. Flash SSD
the talk about the Oracle “flash cache”, it is important to note that there
are two types of SSD, and only DRAM SSD is suitable for Oracle database
storage. The flash type SSD suffers from serious shortcomings, namely
a degradation of access speed over time. At first, Flash SSD is 5
times faster than a platter disk, but after some usage the average read time
becomes far slower than a hard drive. For Oracle, only rack-mounted
DRAM SSD is acceptable for good performance:
Avg. Read speed
Avg. write speed