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Virtual IPs For RAC

Oracle Database Tips by Donald Burleson

(also see using VIPCA to install CRS on RAC )

Virtual IPs For RAC

At this point you should also be able to do an nslookup on the virtual IP names:

      [aultlinux2]/home/oracle>nslookup aultlinux1-v

Once you can ping and do nslookup on various addresses, you are ready to install CRS and RAC (as long as you have the shared disks configured and ready!).

When you reach the end of the RAC installation, you will be prompted to run  When you run, it automatically invokes the VIPCA (Virtual IP Configuration Assistant).  When this happens, you perform the following steps:

  1. The VIPCA welcome page will be displayed first, review the information on the VIPCA Welcome page, then click Next, and the VIPCA will display the Public Network Interfaces page. 

  2. Next, on the Public Network Interfaces page determine the network interface cards (NICs) to which you want to assign your public VIP addresses, click Next, and the VIPCA will display the IP Address page.

  3. Now, on the IP Address page enter an unused (unassigned) public virtual IP address for each node displayed and click Next. The VIPCA will display a Summary page. Review the information on the summary page and then click Finish. A progress dialog will appear while the VIPCA configures the virtual IP addresses for the network interfaces that you specified. The VIPCA then creates and starts the VIPs, GSD, and the Oracle notification Service (ONS) node applications. When the configuration is complete, click OK and the VIPCA will show the session results. Review the information displayed on the Configuration Results page, and click Exit to exit the VIPCA. 

  4. Repeat the procedure on all nodes that are part of this installation. 

  5. The VIPCA will not run again on the remote node because the remote node is already configured.

If the VIP's are not set up correctly, the VIPCA will fail with the error "CRS-215 "Could not start resource" for the VIP resource and any resources that depend on the CRS resource such as GSD and ONS.

After VIPCA has been successfully run, you will now see the VIP addresses in ifconfig (or netstat -in on HP-UX).  Here is an example of a VIP ifconfig output:

 eth0:1    Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 00:91:26:BD:D6:9E  

          inet addr:  Bcast:  Mask:


          Interrupt:11 Base address:0x9000 

The information is also available via CRS, go to the CRS_HOME/bin directory, or its equivalent on your system, and run the command "crs_stat".  Here is an example of the VIP resource information from crs_stat:



      STATE=ONLINE on aultlinux1



      STATE=ONLINE on aultlinux2

This output shows that both of the aultlinux cluster VIP's are online and are assigned to their proper nodes.  In the event of a failover scenario, one or more VIP's will be moved to another node.  This VIP movement is automatically managed by the CRS processes.

When there is a need to change VIPs to a different address, remove the node-level applications and re-create them using srvctl, for example:

      srvctl stop nodeapps

      srvctl remove nodeapps 

      srvctl add nodeapps

What if There are Issues with VIP

If there are issues with the VIP setup, review the following files or use the following commands:

"ifconfig -a" output from each node

"nslookup <Virtual Host Name>" for each virtual host name

/etc/hosts file from each node

output of "$ORA_CRS_HOME/bin/crs_stat"

output of "srvctl start nodeapps -n <node name>" on the node having the issue

In light of the information presented in previous sections, review the output of the above files and commands and correct as needed.


In this chapter we have examined the various migration scenarios. Enterprises have started realizing the scalability and high availability features of a RAC. However, enterprises will have to face the challenge of migrating the existing single instance standalone Oracle database to a multi-node RAC database.

Broadly, there are two ways of migrating. One is converting an existing sever into a cluster node and then adding additional nodes into the clusters. Another approach is to create a new cluster environment by using a new set of servers as cluster nodes. In this case, the data has to be moved either by export/import method or by the database cloning method.

We also looked into specific application or client related configuration and issues related to the use of the RAC database.


White Paper - Oracle Corporation 'Migrating your eBusiness Suite Single Instance to Real Application Clusters' - Ahmed Alomari

Oracle white paper 'configuring SAP R3 4.6D for use with Oracle RAC'

Oracle Real Application Clusters Installation and Configuration Guide
g Release 1 (10.1) for AIX-Based Systems, hp HP-UX PA-RISC (64-bit), hp Tru64 UNIX, Linux, Solaris Operating System (SPARC 64-bit), and Windows (32-bit) Platforms, Part No. B10766-02

Oracle MOSC Note: 264847.1, 'How to Configure Virtual IPs for RAC'

Get the complete Oracle10g story:

The above text is an excerpt from "Oracle 10g Grid & Real Application Clusters", by Rampant TechPress.  Written by top Oracle experts, Mike Ault and Madhu Tumma, this book has a complete online code depot with ready to use scripts. 

To get the code instantly, click here:

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