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Oracle invalid Objects Tips


Oracle Database Tips by Donald Burleson

Oracle is complex and interconnected and changing things can cause some database objects to become "invalid".

This script will display a list of Oracle invalid objects:

break on c1 skip 2

set pages 999

col c1 heading 'owner' format a15
col c2 heading 'name' format a40
col c3 heading 'type' format a10

ttitle 'Invalid|Objects'

select
   owner       c1,
   object_type c3,
   object_name c2
from
   dba_objects
where
   status != 'VALID'
order by
   owner,
   object_type;

Whenever an oracle object is marked as invalid because of a table, that has been changed, the Oracle professional can change the object to valid by using a SQL*Plus script.

This script will search the Oracle data dictionary for invalid objects, create a spool file with the names of the invalid objects, then invoke a script to re-compile all of these invalid objects. The following script should be used whenever a change is made to an Oracle table or index, or any other Oracle object, since the DBA must ensure that all objects are valid and executable.

We now have a supported script to perform this function of re-compiling invalid objects. The utility is called Recompile PL/SQL, or RP for short. The script is called utlrp.sql and is located in the $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/ directory. However, most experienced Oracle DBAs prefer a home-made script for this purpose.

Recompiling invalid objects

Although invalid PL/SQL modules get automatically recompiled on use, it is useful to run this script ahead of time (e.g. as one of the last steps in your migration), since this will either eliminate or minimize subsequent latencies caused due to on-demand automatic recompilation at runtime.

You can invoke the utl_recomp package to recompile invalid objects:

EXEC UTL_RECOMP.recomp_serial('schema name');

Oracle highly recommends running this script towards the end of of any migration/upgrade/downgrade.

set heading off;
set feedback off;
set echo off;
Set lines 999;

Spool run_invalid.sql

select
'ALTER ' || OBJECT_TYPE || ' ' ||
OWNER || '.' || OBJECT_NAME || ' COMPILE;'
from
dba_objects
where
status = 'INVALID'
and
object_type in ('PACKAGE','FUNCTION','PROCEDURE')
;
spool off;
set heading on;
set feedback on;
set echo on;

@run_invalid.sql

Oracle invalid objects sometimes have dependencies, so it may be necessary to run the Oracle invalid objects recompile repeatedly.


 

 

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Note: This Oracle documentation was created as a support and Oracle training reference for use by our DBA performance tuning consulting professionals.  Feel free to ask questions on our Oracle forum.

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