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IN vs. EXISTS SQL

Oracle Database Tips by Donald BurlesonMarch 15, 2015


Question:  I don't understand when I should use an IN subquery versus an EXISTS subquery.  I have tried it both ways and I get the same results, and both run fast. 

Answer:  As we know, SQL is declarative and there are many equivalent ways to write a query that gives the same results. 

This is especially true for using the IN vs. the EXISTS clause.  The Oracle documentation notes that:

"If the selective predicate is in the subquery, then use IN. If the selective predicate is in the parent query, then use EXISTS."

Another rule of thumb was that if the subquery produced a relatively small result set, you should use IN subquery rather and an EXISTS subquery.

Prior to Oracle 10g this was a big issue and you could get a really bad execution plan if you used an IN subquery instead of an EXISTS subquery.

However, the Oracle optimizer has evolved, and as of Oracle 10g the execution plans will be identical for both IN and EXISTS subqueries.


 

 

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