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idle_time Tips

Oracle Database Tips by Donald BurlesonMarch 6, 2015

Question:  Please explain how the idle_time parameter works.  I want t disconnect sessions after the idle_time has expired.

Answer:  The idle_time parameter is used within a SQL*Plus profile.  Oracle has several ways to disconnect idle sessions, both from within SQL*Plus via resources profiles (connect_time, idle_time), and with the SQL*net expire time parameter.

IMPORTANT NOTE:  You must set resource_limit=TRUE to automatically terminate Oracle connections.

alter system set resource_limit=true scope=both;

You can use profiles to set the connect time and idle time with "alter profile" statements.  Note that idle_time is expressed in minutes and you can express idle_time for 30 minutes by setting idle_time to 30:

alter profile senior_claim_analyst limit
connect_time 180000
sessions_per_user 2
idle_time 30;

Also see these notes on the connect_time  parameter.

Profiles comprise a named set of resource limits. By default, when you create users, they are given the default profile, which provides unlimited use of all resources.

The syntax to create a profile with idle_time follows:

CREATE PROFILE profile LIMIT resource_parameters|password_parameters;
Resource_parameters:
[SESSIONS_PER_USER n|UNLIMITED|DEFAULT]
[CPU_PER_SESSION n|UNLIMITED|DEFAULT]
[CPU_PER_CALL n|UNLIMITED|DEFAULT]
[CONNECT_TIME n|UNLIMITED|DEFAULT]
[IDLE_TIME n|UNLIMITED|DEFAULT]

By setting resource limits like idle_time, you can prevent users from performing operations that will tie up the system, and prevent other users from performing operations. You can use resource limits for security, to ensure that users log off the system, so as not to leave the session connected for long periods of time.

The idle_time parameter limits the maximum time a session can stay connected without doing anything. By reducing the period of time an inactive session stays connected, the probability of that session being a victim of abuse is reduced.

Based on our decision, we can create the profile to enforce it. Since we already have the profile, we will merely update it with the new parameters.

alter profile senior_claim_analyst limit
Connect_time 180000
Sessions_per_user 2
idle_time 30
/

As we see, the idle_time parameter will disconnect sessions after n minutes of inactivity.

   
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Note: This Oracle documentation was created as a support and Oracle training reference for use by our DBA performance tuning consulting professionals.  Feel free to ask questions on our Oracle forum.

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