Oracle export with Boolean logic
Oracle Database Tips by Donald Burleson
Question: Does the Oracle export (expdp)
utility allow for "if" statements and variables? I want to export specific
tables based on a variable value.
Oracle data pump export allows a you can
add a where clause to your export syntax with the "query" keyword
to extract a sub-set of your production rows for export. In this example, we restrict the
export to rows that meet the where clause:
exp scott/tiger tables=tab1 query="where
mymonth > sysdate - 31"
exp scott/tiger tables=emp query=\"where
deptno = 20"\
exp scott/tiger query="where job='SALESMAN'
Another technique is to run a SQL*Plus query to build the
"tables=" list. This is just a hack, and you must manually
remove the final comma from the list:
$ORACLE_HOME/bin/sqlplus -s joe/cool<<EOF
select table_name||',' from user_tables
echo "exp rows=y, tables=" > /tmp/parfile.txt
cat /tmp/mypar.txt >> /tmp/parfile.txt
You can also embed your export into a shell
script, where you have a lot more power and flexibility. In this example
we check for any "ORA-" errors in our export:
if [ `grep EXP- exp.log | wc -l` -gt 0 ] || [ `grep ORA- exp.log | wc
-l` -gt 0 ]; then
mailx -s "Errors in Export" -c firstname.lastname@example.org < exp.log
You can also grep for a positive result
and send an e-mail of your export fails:
root> exp parfile=mypar.par > /tmp/myexp.log
grep "successfully without warnings"
/tmp/myexp.log > /dev/null 2>&1
if [ $? != 0 ]
mailx -s "Failure in /tmp/myexp.log" email@example.com
Here is an example of a complex SQL statement that is used in
a Data Pump export:
expdp / file=$file tables=myexport query\=" where myexport_pidm in (select
myexport_pidm from purdue.myexport where myexport_to_extract\=\'Y\' and
In this case, the subquery is causing
cal_export_tables.sh: 0403-057 Syntax error
at line 7 : `"' is not matched.
The solution is to place the parms in a parfile, and this will
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