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Don Burleson Blog 







Oracle dbms_space.create_index_cost tips

Oracle Database Tips by Donald BurlesonMay 26,  2015

Question:  How can I do capacity planning for Oracle indexes.  I need to estimate the size of an index and see if an index rebuild will release a significant amount of disk space.

Answer:  Capacity planning is easy in Oracle if you know the methods for estimating growth of tables and indexes.  Also see these important notes on index rebuilding.  Here are notes on using the dbms_space.create_index_cost procedure to show expected space usage for an Oracle inex.

dbms_space.create_index_cost tips

The dbms_space.create_index_cost, procedure accepts the DDL for a "create index" statement and outputs the storage needed to create the index.  The Oracle documentation notes these input parameters for dbms_space.create_index_cost:


The create index DDL statement


The number of bytes representing the actual index data


Size of the index when created in the tablespace


Which plan table to use, default NULL


Important Note:  Using dbms_space.create_index_cost requires that the table already exist and that the table have current metadata statistics (as computed with dbms_stats).

The dbms_space package allows the DBA to also estimate sizes of indexes intended for creation on a table. The create_index_cost procedure from the dbms_space package allows users to get estimate for space usage of the future index, and the following SQL script can be used to accomplish this:

 Here is a procedure to invoke dbms_space.create_index_cost:


   u_bytes number;
   a_bytes number;
   dbms_space.create_index_cost (
      ddl => 'create index stats$sysstat_idx on stats$sysstat '||
        '(value) tablespace sysaux',
      used_bytes => u_bytes,
      alloc_bytes => a_bytes
   dbms_output.put_line ('Used Bytes      = '|| u_bytes);
   dbms_output.put_line ('Allocated Bytes = '|| a_bytes);


The result of running dbms_space.create_index_cost looks like this:


  1  declare
  2     u_bytes number;
  3     a_bytes number;
  4  begin
  5     dbms_space.create_index_cost (
  6        ddl => 'create index stats$sysstat _idx on stats$sysstat '||
  7          '(value) tablespace sysaux',
  8        used_bytes => u_bytes,
  9        alloc_bytes => a_bytes
 10     );
 11     dbms_output.put_line ('Used Bytes      = '|| u_bytes);
 12     dbms_output.put_line ('Allocated Bytes = '|| a_bytes);
 13* end;
SQL> /
Used Bytes      = 392886
Allocated Bytes = 851968
PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.


This approach of using dbms_space.create_index_cost is useful because it allows the DBA to adjust some storage parameters before creating an index. The create_table_cost procedure for table space size estimates is also available within the dbms_space package.



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