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Cloning ORACLE_HOME Tips

Oracle Tips by Steve Karam

March 21, 2013

Question:  I need to know how clone my ORACLE_HOME directory.  Is there a checklist for cloning my Oracle home?

Answer:  Cloning the Oracle Home is done through simple tools: cp if you are cloning on the same server, tar (or other tools) and scp to go to a new server, and the vanilla runinstaller package from Oracle conveniently located in $ORACLE_HOME/oui/bin.

[oracle@orahost ~]$ echo $ORACLE_HOME
/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1

[oracle@orahost ~]$ cd /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0
[oracle@orahost 11.2.0]$ cp -rp db_1 db_2
cp: cannot open `db_1/bin/nmhs' for reading: Permission denied
cp: cannot open `db_1/bin/nmb' for reading: Permission denied
cp: cannot open `db_1/bin/nmo' for reading: Permission denied

In the steps above, we copied the ORACLE_HOME located at /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1 to another directory (/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_2). If you use the cp command, make sure you use the -rp flags; -r copies directories recursively, and -p preserves file attributes. You may also notice that a few files could not be copied. Don't worry about these, when we run the installer it will take care of that.

Once the copy (or tar/untar between servers) is complete, the rest is simple. We will run the runInstaller command in the new Oracle Home and provide the information it requires. This is done silently, so no X Windows server is required at all.

[oracle@orahost 11.2.0]$ cd db_2/oui/bin
[oracle@orahost bin]$ ./runInstaller -silent -clone ORACLE_BASE="/u01/app/oracle" ORACLE_HOME="/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_2" ORACLE_HOME_NAME="OraHome2"

Starting Oracle Universal Installer...

Checking swap space: must be greater than 500 MB.   Actual 3960 MB    Passed
Preparing to launch Oracle Universal Installer from /tmp/OraInstall2013-03-12_09-46-15AM. Please wait ...[oracle@orahost bin]$ Oracle Universal Installer, Version 11.2.0.1.0 Production
Copyright (C) 1999, 2015, Oracle. All rights reserved.

You can find the log of this install session at:
 /u01/app/oraInventory/logs/cloneActions2013-03-12_09-46-15AM.log
.................................................................................................... 100% Done.


Installation in progress (Tuesday, March 12, 2013 9:46:35 AM EDT)
.............................................................................                                                   77% Done.
Install successful

Linking in progress (Tuesday, March 12, 2013 9:46:43 AM EDT)
Link successful

Setup in progress (Tuesday, March 12, 2013 9:48:14 AM EDT)
Setup successful

End of install phases.(Tuesday, March 12, 2013 9:50:31 AM EDT)
WARNING:
The following configuration scripts need to be executed as the "root" user.
/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_2/root.sh
To execute the configuration scripts:
    1. Open a terminal window
    2. Log in as "root"
    3. Run the scripts
    
The cloning of OraHome2 was successful.
Please check '/u01/app/oraInventory/logs/cloneActions2013-03-12_09-46-15AM.log' for more details.

The actual command we used was:

./runInstaller -silent -clone ORACLE_BASE="/u01/app/oracle" ORACLE_HOME="/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_2″ ORACLE_HOME_NAME="OraHome2″

These flags defined:

  • -silent: specifies that the command should be done without interaction
  • -clone: specifies that the home is a clone of another location
  • ORACLE_BASE: the base directory for Oracle products as per the OFA
  • ORACLE_HOME: the new directory location
  • ORACLE_HOME_NAME: a unique name for the Oracle Home for the server you have cloned to

Once you have finished running the command and have confirmed success, the standard root.sh (and orainstRoot.sh if this is the first Oracle install on the server) execution by the root user applies.

 


 

 
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