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Don Burleson Blog 







Oracle DBA Training Course

© 2007-2016 by Burleson Corporation


This course is taught at your Company site with up to 20 students. 

Click here for on-site course prices

Optional supplemental mentoring


Key Features

* Understand the main processes in Oracle.

* See How Oracle manages concurrent processing.

* Understand Oracle object-oriented features.

* Learn why Oracle dominates the relational database market.


Introduction to Oracle Administration and Management is a five-day course designed to provide Oracle professionals with an in-depth understanding of the basic features of Oracle including object-orientation, partitioning and advanced Oracle features for the Internet.

This course is an introductory course for Oracle DBA’s. The goal of this course is to cover the Oracle architecture and internal mechanisms such that the student is able to perform basic DBA tasks such as database creation, startup and shutdown, and database management. The course also covers Oracle networking basics and the Oracle utility programs.

In-class exercises are used to demonstrate each feature and the student will gain first-hand experience in the key Oracle DBA concepts. Please note that this course is not taught as a preparatory course for the Oracle Certified Professional (OCP) program.

  Easy Oracle Jumpstart

Steve Karam & Robert Freeman

ISBN: 0-9759135-5-7
Book Details

This course is designed for the computer professional who needs to understand the basic concepts and architecture of Oracle. This includes Oracle developers, Oracle DBAs, Oracle web developers and any computer professional who needs to understand the architecture of an Oracle database. The student should understand basic relational database concepts such as SQL before enrolling in this training.

This course was designed by Donald K. Burleson, an acknowledged leader in Oracle database administration.  Burleson was chosen by Oracle Press to write the authorized edition of Oracle High-Performance SQL tuning.  Burleson Corporation instructors offer decades of real world DBA experience in Oracle features, and they will share their secrets in this intense Oracle new features training.

Learning Objectives

By the end of this course the student will have a functional understanding of the roles and duties involved in Oracle database administration and be able to perform basic Oracle DBA tasks.

Oracle Database Administration and Management

Oracle DBA Training Syllabus

© 2007-2016 by Donald K. Burleson

DAY 1 – Architecture & Configuration

1-1: Overview of Oracle DBA tasks

• Oracle as a flexible, complex & robust RDBMS
• The evolution of hardware and the relation to Oracle
• Different DBA job roles (VP of DBA, developer DBA, production DBA, database babysitter)
• The changing job role of the Oracle DBA
• Environment management (network, CPU, disk and RAM)
• Instance management (managing SGA regions)
• Oracle table and index management

1-2: Instance Architecture

• Instance vs. database
• Components of an instance
• Creating the OFA file structure ($DBA, bdump, udump, pfile)

1-3: Oracle Instance Internals

• SGA vs. PGA
• Background processes
• Interfaces with server and disk I/O subsystem

1-4: Using SQL*Plus for DBA management

• Connecting and executing SQL
• Using the “as sysdba” syntax
• Overview of SQL*Plus DBA commands (startup, etc.)

1-5: Control file, UNDO and REDO management

• Explaining the use of control files
• Listing the Contents of the control File
• File locations for control Files
• Obtaining Control File Information
• Listing control file contents
• Displaying and Creating Undo segments
• Altering Undo Segments
• Determining the Number and Size of Undo segments
• Understanding flashback technology
• Troubleshooting Undo – snapshot too old
• Redo log concepts for recovery
• Online redo log (log_buffer) online redo logs and archived redo logs
• Oracle ARCH and LGWR background processes
• Redo log dictionary queries
• Redo log switch frequency and performance
• Multiplexing the Online Redo Log Files
• Archiving the Oracle Redo Logs
• Recovery using the redo log files

1-6: User and privilege management

• The three security methods (VPD, Grant security/role-based security, grant execute)
• Creating New Database Users
• Using pre-spawned Oracle connections
• Auditing User activity
• Identifying System and Object Privileges
• Granting and Revoking Privileges
• Creating and Modifying Roles
• Displaying user security Information from the Data Dictionary

DAY 2 –Oracle database management

2-1: Overview of instance management

• Parameter files (init.ora, listener.ora, tnsnames.ora)
• Rules for sizing SGA components
• Automated Oracle memory management (AMM)

2-2: Initialization file management

• Creating the init.ora file
• Using spfile
• Displaying init.ora values with v$parameter

2-3: Oracle*Net configuration

• Creating the listener.ora file
• Creating the tnsnames.ora file

2-4: Data buffer configuration & sizing

• Inside the Oracle data buffers
• Using the KEEP pool
• Monitoring buffer effectiveness
• Using multiple blocksizes (multiple buffer pools)
2-5: Shared pool and PGA configuration & Sizing

• Shared pool concepts and components
• Understanding the library cache
• Relieving shared pool contention
• Overview of PGA for sorting and hash joins
• Using sort_area_size, hash_area_size and pga_aggregate_target
2-6: Troubleshooting network connectivity

• Verifying network connectivity with ping and tnsping
• Testing database links

Day 3 – Oracle object management

3-1: Oracle tables, views and materialized views

• Types of Oracle tables (regular, IOT, sorted hash clusters, nested tables)
• Oracle Views
• Oracle materialized views

3-2: Oracle indexes

• Types of Oracle indexes (b-tree, bitmap, bitmap join index)
• Creating B*-Tree, bitmap and function-based Indexes
• Function-based indexes
• Finding indexing opportunities
• Index maintenance

3-3: Oracle constraints

• Costs & benefits of constraints
• Types of Oracle indexes constraints (check, not null, unique, PK, FK)
• Cascading constraints

3-4: Schema, File & tablespace management

• Describing the relationship between data files, tablespaces and table
• Understanding Oracle segments
• Creating Tablespaces – using the autoextend option
• Changing the Size of Tablespaces – alter database datafile command
• Defining a TEMP tablespace
• Changing the default storage Settings for a tablespace
• Review of the storage parameters in DBA views (ASM, ASSM, pctfree, pctused and freelists).
• Monitoring Chained rows (fetch continued rows)
• Monitoring Insert and Update performance (pctused, APPEND)

3-5: Database Maintenance

• Reason for reorgs – chained rows, imbalanced freelists
• Reorganizing Tables using Export and Import
• Using CTAS to reorganize data
• Index rebuilding
• Backup & Recovery overview (hot & cold Backups, RMAN, block change tracking)

3-6: Oracle DBA Utilities

• Data pump (Imp and exp utilities)
• SQL*Loader
• LogMiner
• Flashback
• DataGuard
• Oracle DBA utilities – Oracle dbms packages (dbms_redefinition)
• Replication (Streams, multimaster, materialized views)

DAY 4 – Monitoring Oracle

This section explores the methods used for monitoring all active components of the Oracle database.

4-1: Dictionary and v$ views

• The dba_, all_ and user_ structures
• Querying the tables, indexes, and segments views
• Querying the AWR (STATSPACK) tables

4-2: Table & index monitoring

• Monitoring table extents and fragmentation
• Using the dba_tables and dba_segments views
• Monitoring table CBO statistics
• Monitoring table extents and fragmentation
• Locating chained rows
• Monitoring table & index growth
• Monitoring index usage
• Monitoring index fragmentation
• Locating un-used indexes
• Identifying IOT candidates
• Reorganizing Indexes with alter index rebuild
• Dropping Indexes
• Getting Index Information from the Data Dictionary

4-3: workload & trend monitoring

• Oracle automated workload tools
• Using v$bh to monitor buffer activity
• Using v$sql and v$sql_plan

4-4: Instance monitoring

• Monitoring with the AWR and STATSPACK
• Creating a time-series performance report
• Using
• Scripts for AWR and STATSPACK
• Plotting performance data (Ion, Excel)
• Finding performance trends and signatures

4-5: Oracle environment monitoring

• Displaying and managing Oracle sessions (v$session, v$process)
• Using AWR to monitor disk, network and CPU consumption
• Monitoring the alert log
• Oracle trace/dump files

4-6: STATSPACK and AWR performance management

• Installing STATSPACK
• Running STATSPACK reports
• Interpreting a STATSPACK report
• Getting time series reports with STATSPACK
• Finding performance signatures with STATSPACK

DAY 5 – Performance Management

This section explores the methods used for performance management in Oracle and shows tips and scripts for monitoring all components of any Oracle database. You will also learn the proper action to take when any area of Oracle becomes a bottleneck.

5-1: Bottleneck performance analysis

• Drill-down into AWR reports
• Top-5 timed events
• External Server Bottlenecks (Network, I/O, RAM, CPU)
• Network troubleshooting

5-2: Instance Tuning

• Changing init.ora optimizer parameters (index_optimizer_cost_adj, optimizer_mode)
• Managing region parameters (shared_pool_size, db_cache_size)
• Understanding instance contention (e.g. Buffer busy waits, library cache contention)

5-3: SQL and CBO behavior

• Introduction to cost-based optimization
• Changing the default optimizer modes
• Optimizer parameters
• Dynamic sampling
• Collecting table and index statistics (dbms_stats)
• Using column histograms and skewonly

5-4: Tracing SQL Execution

• Using “set autotrace”
• Interpreting EXPLAIN PLAN Output
• Using TKPROF / SQL*Trace

5-5: SQL Execution Internals

• Review of Basic joining methods
• Merge join
• Hash Join
• Nested Loop join
• Advanced SQL operators
• Between operator
5-6: SQL Tuning

• Using hints to improve SQL performance
• Using parallel query to improve performance
• SQL reusability within the library cache
• Table high-water mark
• Table striping and table partitions
• Using indexes to improve performance
• Identifying full-table scans
• Re-writing SQL queries
• Tuning sub-queries

6-1: Oracle High Availability tools

• Continuous availability and disaster recovery
• Quantifying the cost of unplanned downtime
• Oracle multi-master replication
• DataGuard
• Oracle Streams
• Real Application Clusters

6-2: Backup & Recovery

• OS-level backups
• Hardware-level backup & recovery
• Block-level change tracking
• Disk mirroring
• Backup & recovery and RAID level
• Oracle-level backups (expdp & RMAN)
• Hot vs. Cold backups

Copyright Burleson Corporation 1998-2016

Please note that while the knowledge gained from this Oracle training may be valuable when preparing for Oracle certification exams, the content of this course is not for Oracle Certification, including the Certified Professional (OCP) or Oracle Certified Associate (OCA) programs.

Burleson is the American Team

Note: This Oracle documentation was created as a support and Oracle training reference for use by our DBA performance tuning consulting professionals.  Feel free to ask questions on our Oracle forum.

Verify experience! Anyone considering using the services of an Oracle support expert should independently investigate their credentials and experience, and not rely on advertisements and self-proclaimed expertise. All legitimate Oracle experts publish their Oracle qualifications.

Errata?  Oracle technology is changing and we strive to update our BC Oracle support information.  If you find an error or have a suggestion for improving our content, we would appreciate your feedback.  Just  e-mail:  and include the URL for the page.


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