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Oracle Concepts - Example NT Oracle Hot Backup Script Generator

Oracle Tips by Burleson Consulting

A similar script for and NT is shown in Source 3. You will need to verify that the target directories exist or modify the scripts before running them. The NT script assumes a backup staging area is being used that is then backed up to tape.

Source 3 Example NT Oracle Hot Backup Script Generator

REM Script to create a hot backup script on NT using ocopy
REM Created 6/23/98 MRA
REM
REM Get oracle home path and backup file destination
REM &&ora_home
REM &&dest_dir
REM create holding table for commands
REM
create table bu_temp (line_no number,line_txt varchar2(2000));
REM
REM Empty it if it already exists
REM
truncate table bu_temp;
REM
REM
set verify off embedded off
set esc ^
REM
REM Set backup command
REM
column dup new_value dup_it noprint
select ''||chr(39)||'host start/wait '||'&&ora_home'||'\bin\ocopy '||chr(39)||'' dup
from dual;
REM
REM Begin script creation
REM
declare
--
-- Declare cursors
--
-- Cursor to get all tablespace names
--
cursor get_tbsp is
select tablespace_name from dba_tablespaces;
--
-- cursor to create BEGIN BACKUP command
--
cursor bbu_com (tbsp varchar2) is
select
'alter tablespace '||tablespace_name||' begin backup;'
from dba_tablespaces where tablespace_name=tbsp;
--
-- Cursor to create HOST backup commands
--
cursor bu_com (tbsp varchar2) is
select
&&dup_it||file_name||'  '||'&&dest_dir'||'\datafiles\'||tbsp||file_id||'.bck'
from dba_data_files where tablespace_name=tbsp;
--
-- Cursor to create END BACKUP command
--
cursor ebu_com (tbsp varchar2) is
select
'alter tablespace '||tablespace_name||' end backup;'||chr(10) from
dba_tablespaces
where tablespace_name=tbsp;
--
-- Cursor to create redo log HOST backup commands
--
cursor bu_rdo is
select
&&dup_it||member||' '||
' '||'&&dest_dir'||'\logs'||substr(member,instr(member,'\LOG',2,1),instr(member,'.',1,1))
from v$logfile order by group#;
--
-- Temporary variable declarations
--
tbsp_name varchar2(64);
line_num number:=0;
line_text varchar2(2000);
--
-- Begin build of commands into temporary table
--
begin
--
-- first, create script header
--
line_num := line_num+1;
select 'set echo on'
into line_text from dual;
insert into bu_temp values (line_num,line_text);
line_num := line_num+1;
select 'spool '||'&&dest_dir'||'\bu'||to_char(sysdate,'ddmonyy')||'.log'
into line_text from dual;
insert into bu_temp values (line_num,line_text);
line_num := line_num+1;
select 'REM Online Backup Script for '||name||' instance'
into line_text from v$database;
insert into bu_temp values (line_num,line_text);
line_num := line_num+1;
select 'REM Script uses ocopy - NT format backup commands' 
into line_text from dual;
insert into bu_temp values (line_num,line_text);
line_num := line_num+1;
select 'REM created on '||to_char(sysdate, 'dd-mon-yyyy hh24:mi')||' by user '||user 
into line_text from dual;
insert into bu_temp values (line_num,line_text);
line_num := line_num+1;
select 'REM developed for RevealNet by Mike Ault - DMR Consulting Group 15-Dec-1998' 
into line_text from dual;
insert into bu_temp values (line_num,line_text);
line_num := line_num+1;
select 'REM ' 
into line_text from dual;
insert into bu_temp values (line_num,line_text);
line_num := line_num+1;
select 'REM Script should be re-run anytime physical structure of database altered.' 
into line_text from dual;
insert into bu_temp values (line_num,line_text);
line_num := line_num+1;
select 'REM ' 
into line_text from dual;
insert into bu_temp values (line_num,line_text);
line_num := line_num+1;
--
-- Now get tablespace names and loop through until all are handled
--
open get_tbsp;
loop
--
-- Get name
--
      fetch get_tbsp into tbsp_name;
      exit when get_tbsp%NOTFOUND;
--
-- Add comments to script showing which tablespace
--
      select 'REM' into line_text from dual;
      insert into bu_temp values (line_num,line_text);
      line_num:=line_num+1;
      select 'prompt Backup for tablespace '||tbsp_name into line_text from dual;
      insert into bu_temp values (line_num,line_text);
      line_num:=line_num+1;
      select 'REM' into line_text from dual;
      insert into bu_temp values (line_num,line_text);
      line_num:=line_num+1;
--
-- Get begin backup command built for this tablespace
--
      open bbu_com (tbsp_name);
      fetch bbu_com into line_text;
      insert into bu_temp values (line_num,line_text);
      close bbu_com;
--
-- The actual backup commands are per datafile, open cursor and loop
--
      open bu_com (tbsp_name);
      loop
                fetch bu_com into line_text;
            exit when bu_com%NOTFOUND;
            line_num:=line_num+1;
            insert into bu_temp values (line_num,line_text);
      end loop;
      close bu_com;
--
-- Build end backup command for this tablespace
--
  open ebu_com(tbsp_name);
  fetch ebu_com into line_text;
  line_num := line_num+1;
  insert into bu_temp values (line_num,line_text);
  close ebu_com;
  line_num := line_num+1;
  select ' ' into line_text from dual;
  insert into bu_temp values (line_num,line_text);
end loop;
  close get_tbsp;
--
-- Backup redo logs, normally you won't recover redo logs you
-- will use your current redo logs so current SCN information not lost
-- commands just here for completeness
--
  select 'REM' into line_text from dual;
  insert into bu_temp values (line_num,line_text);
  line_num:=line_num+1;
  select 'prompt Backup for redo logs' into line_text from dual;
  insert into bu_temp values (line_num,line_text);
  line_num:=line_num+1;
  select 'REM Normally you will not recover redo logs' into line_text from dual;
  insert into bu_temp values (line_num,line_text);
  line_num:=line_num+1;
  select 'REM' into line_text from dual;
  insert into bu_temp values (line_num,line_text);
  line_num:=line_num+1;
--
-- Create host backup commands for all redo logs
--
  open bu_rdo;
  loop
      fetch bu_rdo into line_text;
      exit when bu_rdo%NOTFOUND;
      line_num:=line_num+1;
      insert into bu_temp values (line_num,line_text);
  end loop;
  close bu_rdo;
--
-- Now get all archive logs, performing a switch to be sure all
-- required archives are written out
--
  line_num:=line_num+1;
  select 'REM' into line_text from dual;
  insert into bu_temp values (line_num,line_text);
  line_num:=line_num+1;
  select 'prompt Backup for archive logs' into line_text from dual;
  insert into bu_temp values (line_num,line_text);
  line_num:=line_num+1;
  select 'REM' into line_text from dual;
  insert into bu_temp values (line_num,line_text);
  line_num:=line_num+1;
  select 'alter system switch logfile;' into line_text from dual;
  line_num:=line_num+1;
  insert into bu_temp values (line_num,line_text);
  line_num:=line_num+1;
  select 'alter system archive log all;' into line_text from dual;
  line_num:=line_num+1;
  insert into bu_temp values (line_num,line_text);
--
-- The next command builds the actual backup command based on the
-- value of the log_archive_dest initialization parameter, it looks for the
-- last right square bracket in the name and just uses that section with
-- a wildcard.
--
  select &&dup_it||value||'\*.* '||'&&dest_dir'||'\archives\*.*'
  into line_text from v$parameter where name='log_archive_dest';
  line_num:=line_num+1;
  insert into bu_temp values (line_num,line_text);
--
-- Next, backup a control file just to be sure
-- we have a good one available that is current with this backup
--
   select 'alter database backup controlfile to
'||chr(39)||'&&dest_dir'||'\ora_conbackup.bac'||chr(39)||';' 
   into line_text from dual;
   line_num:=line_num+1;
   insert into bu_temp values (line_num,line_text);
line_num := line_num+1;
select 'spool off'
into line_text from dual;
insert into bu_temp values (line_num,line_text);
line_num := line_num+1;
select 'exit'||CHR(10)
into line_text from dual;
insert into bu_temp values (line_num,line_text);
end;
/
rem
rem Now generate output based on bu_temp table contents
rem
set verify off feedback off heading off termout off pages 0
set embedded on lines 132
column db_name new_value db noprint
column line_no noprint
select name db_name from v$database;
spool rep_out/&&db/thot_bu.sql
select * from bu_temp order by line_no;
spool off
rem
rem get rid of bu_temp table
rem
drop table bu_temp;
set verify on feedback on heading on termout on pages 22
set embedded off lines 80
clear columns
undef dest_dir
undef ora_home
exit

I suggest that at the same time the backup script is generated, the recovery script also be generated. Source 4 shows an example recovery script generator for NT.


This is an excerpt from the eBook "Oracle DBA made Simple".

For more details on Oracle database administration, see the "Easy Oracle Jumpstart" by Robert Freeman and Steve Karam.  It?s only $19.95 when you buy it directly from the publisher here.

 


 

 
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